The affiliation with Lille University goes back to 1996 when an agreement between the two institutions was signed whereby MGH medical (and paramedical) staff and trainees were allowed to receive clinical training at Lille University. A sizeable number of MGH graduates have completed their fellowship training at Lille University since then. Specialties included Cardiology, Hematology-Oncology, Nephrology, Pediatric Endocrinology, Neonatology, Pediatric Gastroenterology, High Risk Pregnancy, Hepatobiliary surgery, and others. In exchange, Lille University medical students spend two months of their clinical training at MGH every year. Due to new French governmental regulations, only two MGH graduates are allowed to join Lille University programs every year.